Low Blood Pressure

Low blood pressure is also known as hypotension. This is when your blood pressure goes below 90/60 (90 over 60). This does not always mean there is a problem, people with low blood pressure tend to live longer than those with high blood pressure.

Low blood pressure does not usually give any symptoms and is often discovered during routine examinations or whilst a person is undergoing checks for other things. However very low blood pressure can sometimes cause dizziness and even fainting.

Other illnesses or conditions can be the cause of low blood pressure. If a person is feeling dizziness they should consult with their GP so that they can investigate this further. Taking certain medications can be cause of low blood pressure, such as those taken for high blood pressure, heart disease and depression. It can also come from some over the counter medications or herbals medications.

Postural hypotension is a condition where a person can get low blood pressure when changing their body position, such as getting out of bed quickly or getting up from the sofa quickly. This can make the person feel lightheaded or dizzy. This condition is quite common in teenagers and older people. If you experience this you should discuss this with your GP. At times, we can all get a small drop in blood pressure, this is nothing to be concerned about, larger drops in blood pressure could be described in postural hypotension.

If a person suffers from low blood pressure, they should ensure they drink plenty of fluids, especially if they are suffering from diarrhoea and vomiting. If you suffer postural hypotension, you should ensure that you get up more slowly in the morning or when you get up from the sofa.

A Midday Nap Could Reduce Your Blood Pressure

Here’s some news that nap enthusiasts definitely won’t get tired of. It turns out that a daily snooze is associated with reduced blood pressure and, even more significantly, may decrease the risk of a heart attack or other cardiovascular events.

The results were presented at the European Society of Cardiology annual conference in London. The observational study examined nearly 400 middle-aged men and women with hypertension, a condition where blood pressure is constantly abnormally high.

The study showed that midday sleepers had a 5% lower average 24-hour ambulatory systolic blood pressure compared to patients who did not nap at midday. Even though this might seem like a minor difference, the lead researcher Dr Manolis Kallistratos said at the conference that even this small decrease “can reduce the risk of cardiovascular events by up to 10%.” So a tiny drop is still of great significance.

Even better for the siesta snoozers, the study showed that a longer sleep was associated with a higher drop in blood pressure. One hour was found to be the time needed for the best results.

Kallistratos noted that there were a few limitations in the study that would be worth addressing for future research in the field. For starters, the study was only observational. It has to be assumed that it is the midday nap that is producing the positive effects in the patients, and not some other uncontrolled variable. Kallistratos is confident that this is the case since the blood pressure drop pattern seen at midday is similar to the drop people experience when they sleep at night.

The second is that the hypertension symptoms in the study participants were very well controlled, but that might not be the case for everyone. So in future it could be worthwhile including participants whose hypertension was not so well-controlled, as Kallistratos thinks they could experience an even more significant blood pressure drop with a daytime doze.

It must also be noted that a nap is superior to just resting. Kallistratos commented that the biggest drop in blood pressure kicked in just before the REM phase, which suggests actual sleep is required to lower blood pressure to the levels observed.

“Μidday sleep is a habit that nowadays is almost a privilege due to a nine to five working culture and intense daily routine,” said Kallistratos. However, given the potential benefits, making time for a midday nap might be an idea to sleep on.

Sourced through Scoop.it from: www.iflscience.com

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High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is also known as hypertension. It doesn’t usually make people feel ill and doesn’t usually give the person any symptoms. Very small numbers of people do suffer from headaches but only if their blood pressure is very high. Sometimes nosebleeds, breathlessness and sight problems can indicate high blood pressure.

The only sure way to know if you have high blood pressure is to have it measured. This can be down by a GP or nurse, some pharmacies also offer a free blood pressure check service. Home blood pressure check machines can be purchased without spending a great deal.

It is thought that around 1 in 3 adults in the UK have high blood pressure. 1 in 3 of the people that have high blood pressure don’t know it, so can’t do much about it. There is a link in our genes, that if our parents had high blood pressure, then there is a greater chance of having high blood pressure.

High blood pressure is often caused by not doing enough physical exercise, being overweight, having too much salt in our diet, drinking too much alcohol, having too much caffeine and high levels of stress.

Everyone’s blood pressure will change throughout the day, usually being higher in the morning and lower in the evening. When a person becomes anxious or stressed, this can raise the blood pressure.

Usually a GP will not diagnose high blood pressure from one visit, they will have you monitor your blood pressure at home at varying times, or 24 hour blood pressure monitoring, or they will check it several times on several occasions.

How can a person reduce the likelihood of having high blood pressure?

  • Doing regular physical exercise
  • Ensuring that you are not overweight
  • Not having too much salt in your diet
  • Not drinking too much alcohol
  • Eating a balanced and healthy diet
  • Reducing your stress levels
  • Reducing caffeine intake

If this does not work and the GP thinks it necessary, medication may be required.

Blood Pressure

What is it?

Blood pressure is the measure of how much pressure the blood is exerting on the artery walls in a persons body. A certain amount of pressure is required to keep the blood pumping around your body. Blood pressure is given as two numbers, something like 120/80 (read as 120 over 80).

The first number (120 in this case) is called the systolic blood pressure, this is the highest level of pressure in the arteries when the heart is contracting, or squeezing blood out of the heart) and forcing it through the arteries.

The second number (80 in this case) is call the diastolic blood pressure, this is the lowest level of pressure in the arteries when you heart is relaxing in between each heart beat.

Why does it matter?

If a persons blood pressure goes too high or too low, it can cause health problems. Having high blood pressure increases the risk of having a heart attack or a stroke. If can also lead to kidney and sight problems. Having very low blood pressure can cause dizziness and fainting, generally speaking high blood pressure is more common than low blood pressure.

What is high blood pressure?

Generally when the systolic number (the top number) is above 140, this is considered high blood pressure. Over time, the larger arteries within the body can lose their elasticity and the smaller blood vessels can become narrower.

How can a person naturally reduce the likelihood of having high blood pressure?

  • Doing regular physical exercise
  • Ensuring that you are not overweight
  • Not having too much salt in your diet
  • Not drinking too much alcohol
  • Eating a balanced and healthy diet
  • Reducing your stress levels
  • Reducing caffeine intake


First Person On (FPOS) Scene Intermediate

This market leading and highly innovative Blended First Person On Scene course is approved by Edexcel and endorsed by the Royal College of Surgeons, Faculty of Pre-Hospital Care (Edinburgh), the leading clinical body for pre-Hospital Care in the UK.Duncan Parsonage Defib WMAS FPOS We pride ourselves on excellence and this course is Directed and run by the Paramedic who helped to develop the original course with Edexcel.

It’s important that you can trust and gauge the credibility of your FPOS training team and ours is made up of only the best. Our tutor team are highly experienced healthcare providers. They include Paramedics and Nurses with in depth intensive care/therapy experience. They excel in sharing their experiences, advice and knowledge with you.

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WMAS Duncan Parsonage FPOS Staffordshire Fire

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  • Trauma Related Emergencies
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Blended Learning

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The course is approved by Edexcel and is IHCD managed. It is also endorsed by the Royal College of Surgeons, Faculty of Pre-Hospital Care.

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There are no prerequisites for this course. If you want to learn, we want to teach you.

This course has been produced for Co-Responders; Police, Fire, Mountain Rescue; senior cabin crew; industrial First-Aiders, close protection officers and those with an interest in pursuing a career in the professional ambulance service. If you fall in to any of these categories, this is without question the course for you. The First Person On Scene Intermediate course is also designed to enhance the skills of all qualified First Aiders.

FPOS courses are recognised by many professional ambulance services across the UK. If you are thinking of becoming an Ambulance Service First Responder or indeed Paramedic, then this could be the course for you. Call us now so we can give you the very latest course information.

Course dates

When: 7th and 8th April 2013
Where: North Staffordshire
Cost: £478.80 per person

Course duration and assessment

Assessment of the skills learned will be undertaken by an independent examiner.

Nonalcoholic Red Wine Reduces Blood Pressure. Seriously good news but wheres the fun in it? | Defib Centre

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Nonalcoholic Red Wine Reduces Blood Pressure. Seriously good news but wheres the fun in it?


Nonalcoholic red wine was associated with a greater reduction in blood pressure than regular red wine in a new study. The researchers, led by Dr Gemma Chiva-Blanch (University of Barcelona, Spain), conclude that the polyphenols found in red wine are the likely mediators of the blood-pressure reduction and that alcohol appears to weaken their antihypertensive effect.

They suggest that daily consumption of nonalcoholic red wine may be useful for the prevention of mild to moderate hypertension.
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