Heat Exhaustion & Heat Stroke

Heat Exhaustion & Heatstroke

dizziness & confusion, nausea, fainting, muscle cramps, headaches, heavy sweating, tiredness, temp +38C, severe thirst.

What to do?
Move them to a cool place
Lie them down and raise their feet slightly
Get them to drink plenty of water (or sports/rehydration drinks)
Cool their skin – spray or sponge them with cool water and fan them. Cold packs around the armpits or neck are good too.

If they do not recover within 30 minutes, they may develop Heatstroke.

HEATSTROKE is a medical emergency and you should call 999.

People with heatstroke may stop sweating, even though they are too hot, their temperature may pass 40C and they may have seizures or lose consciousness.

#Safety First

Return to the Workplace

For businesses and public services, quickly getting to grips with Covid-19 safety guidelines and putting the right procedures in place have been essential to keeping themselves, their colleagues, customers and service users safe.

An estimated 20 million individuals in the UK worked from home during the Coronavirus pandemic compared to pre-lockdown figures of less than 2 million. Employees have been faced with numerous challenges concerning this sudden workplace change, including remote technology, homeschooling and homeworking, mental health challenges and furloughing. 

No one wants to see another national lockdown, so here are some essential steps and useful reminders for businesses and organisations, as more people return to the workplace and businesses open their doors to the public.

Covid-19 Risk Assessment

  • A first step for any business or organisation is to consider how public health guidance impacts on your workplace and the way in which you manage workspaces and provide your services to others. Like all risk assessments, it should be a ‘live’ document, that is reviewed and updated regularly and any actions suitably communicated to your employees, customers or service users.

Preparing Safe Workspaces

  • Are your utilities are all safe and operating correctly? If your water system has been static you may need consider the risk of legionella or other water contamination.
  • It is important any equipment you use can be relied on when you return to work. Electrical equipment, mechanical parts, seals, lubricants and batteries can all deteriorate when not in use. Check initial procedures, manufactures information and industry guidance and safely test any equipment with a pre-use inspection, before it’s needed.
  • Check for out of date products, gas concerns, security lighting and any setting or timers.
  • Consider other safety procedures that require actions by individuals in an emergency i.e. fire evacuation, first aid and CPR.
  • Can staff, customers, and service users enter, move around and leave the workplace safely and maintain physical distance? Do you have shared facilities that need to be considered i.e. toilets, kitchens and reception areas?

Prevent the Spread

  • Your premises are likely to need a deep clean, before it fully opens. Look at your cleaning practices and develop hygiene procedures to reduce the risk of infection. Could you provide sanitising stations for employees, customers and services users? Take the opportunity to review your cleaning schedule and enhance cleaning practices, like wiping down equipment and tools, as well as frequent touch surfaces.
  • Unhygienic surfaces attract germs, vermin and dust. This can be very harmful, triggering dust related illness like asthma or present a serious fire risk. You may need to consider improving ventilation of your workspace?
  • The safest distance is still 2m, where possible ensure that the 2m rule is in place. If this is not possible – ensure the correct PPE is available; is used correctly and can be disposed of safely.

Looking After Staff, Customers and Service Users

  • Many business and services have adapted incredibly well during lockdown and found innovative ways to provide their services. As a result, it may still be possible for staff to continue to work from home, have flexi- working hours or stagger shifts into the workplace, but this will require prior consultation with your employees and senior management. Equality, Inclusion & Diversity policies should be given due consideration.
  • It is important you know if everyone is mentally and physically fit to return to work. Individuals’ mental or financial health could be suffering following the lockdown and they may need time and support to adapt a full return to work.
  • Is your staff CPD up to date? Substantial time away from the workplace can mean that certain skills take time to return and may require a period of adjustment or ‘familiarisation’. The speed and use of tools and equipment like the use of sharps, forklifts and manual handling tasks could initially pose an increased risk. The way businesses recruit and on board new team members, or conduct staff inductions for people who have been furloughed or spent significant time working from home, should be reviewed.

We joined the Mental Health Charter

… and we’re proud to play our part in promoting mental health awareness, and show our commitment to improving mental well-being in the workplace.

“The purpose is to provide a flexible and consistent framework to enable all businesses to access mental health support, provide awareness and training and put in place a structure and systems to support people in the workplace.Mental Health Charter

Abacus Training Centre provide world class health & safety training, and offer bespoke Mental Health First Aid Training. We know that every sector continues to face its own set of challenges due to the pandemic, and the cost of ill-health to employers. We want take the fear and stigma out of discussing mental health in the workplace.

The Long Stretch?

Phew, finally, it’s February! The New Year heralded a new set of lockdown restrictions and the Government asked us to stay at home … again. For many of us, our homes have become places of work and education. So whether you’re taking care of business from home; looking after your children and supporting their home learning or looking for work – chances are, you’re spending quite a bit of time online or staring at a screen.

With the onset of a cold, dreary winter; school & business closures and continued uncertainty, you would be forgiven for lacking motivation and falling back on old habits that you broke during the last Lockdown. Feels a bit ‘Groundhog Day’, doesn’t it? Unfortunately, some of these old habits can have a detrimental effect on your health and well-being.

We have a glimmer of hope in the UK’s testing and vaccine strategy, but that isn’t going to impact on the majority of the population until later in the year … so what can we do in the meantime to continue to look after ourselves and our families, whilst spending more time in the home?

Public Health England has just launched the ’Every Mind Matters’ campaign, (and if you can bare looking at another website, we think it’s well worth a look). If you’re an employer with staff working from home, it offers some useful strategies that you could discuss with your workforce. You can also contact us on 01785 501750 for more information about our Mental Health First Aid Training course.

‘Every Mind Matters’ suggests seven strategies to help us cope with the continued lockdown and better manage working from home:

  1. Set & stick to a daily routine
  2. Make a dedicated workspace
  3. Give yourself regular breaks
  4. Stay connected with friends, families, work colleagues and neighbours
  5. Set boundaries with members of your household
  6. Think longer term
  7. Be kind to yourself

No one is immune from stress, anxiety or loneliness. A new survey, commissioned by Public Health England (PHE) at the start of the current government restrictions, reveals the impact coronavirus (COVID-19) has had on adults’ mental wellbeing across the country.

So whilst you’re taking care of business….who’s taking care of you?

If you’re feeling concerned, worried, stressed or low, or if you are worried about someone you know contact The Staffordhsire Mental Health Helpline on 01782 406000.

Covid 19 & First Aid

If you’re feeling unsure about providing others with first aid – here are some helpful tips on how to make it as safe as possible:

A lot of first aid is very straight forward and, if your casualty is conscious and able, you can still help them whilst maintaining social distance.

For example, if they’re bleeding heavily, you can ask them to apply pressure to the wound while you call 999 or 112.

Keep talking to the casualty and offering reassurance. The fact that you’re there, remaining calm and getting help will go a long way to helping someone who may be feeling panicky or scared.

Ask other people present to help you. For example, calling emergency services 999 or 112 and placing them on loudspeaker, or helping maintain social distance of those present.

The risks to the first aider are low, especially if good hygiene practices are followed:

  • Wear a face mask, gloves and apron, if available to you.
  • Wash your hands before and after any contact with someone. Washing your hands with soap and water for a minimum of 20 seconds or using hand sanitiser gel if water is not available will significantly reduce the risk of infection.
  • Maintain social distance, wherever possible.
  • Take a short risk assessment. Ask the individual if they have travelled within the past 14 days and/or have experienced any of the following symptoms:
    • Cough
    • Fever
    • Flu like symptoms
    • Shortness of breath
    • Loss of sense of taste or smell
  • In any first aid situation, always consider your safety first.

If your casualty is seriously unwell, unconscious or not breathing, they are going to need your assistance. The following tips will help reduce any risk of infection:

When checking for breathing:

If they are talking – then they’re breathing! If not, then look for a rise and fall of their chest or stomach, and normal breathing. DO NOT listen for breathing by placing your face close to a person’s mouth.


New Covid-19 guidance from the Resuscitation Council UK advises NOT to perform recue breaths on a casualty.

  • If a casualty is unresponsive and not breathing normally, call 999 or 112 for immediate assistance.
  • Use a towel or piece of clothing and lay it over the mouth and nose of the casualty.
  • Start chest compressions straight away. Do not give rescue breaths.
  • If someone else is present, ask them to fetch the nearest defibrillator, if available.

Continue to perform chest compression only CPR until:

  • emergency help arrives and takes over  
  • the person starts showing signs of life and starts to breathe normally
  • you are too exhausted to continue (if there is a helper, you can change over every one-to-two minutes, with minimal interruptions to chest compressions)
  • a defibrillator is ready to be used.

News just in!

We are thrilled to announce that we have been shortlisted for the Pandemic Response Award at Keele University’s Breaking the Mould Awards 2020 @KeeleBusiness

Breaking the Mould shines a spotlight on the growing innovation-led organisations, businesses, not-for-profits and charities that have benefitted from the suite of innovative support programmes that are available from Keele University.

The awards celebrate Stoke-on-Trent and Staffordshire’s engaged collaborative community, and culminates in an exciting online celebration of local enterprises that are the best in their field.

We’re looking forward to the awards evening in December…wish us luck!

Mystery of the world’s most-kissed woman

See on Scoop.itFirst Aid Training

Millions of people around the world have learned CPR on a mannequin known as Resusci Anne. The story of the 19th Century beauty behind the model – or at least, one version of it – will be told at a symposium in London to mark European Restart a Heart Day. But does anyone really know anything about her?

The Lorenzi workshop is a small haven of peace and antiquity in the busy Parisian suburb of Arcueil. And it’s the last of its kind. Downstairs the mouleurs, or cast-makers, create figurines, busts and statues, pouring plaster into moulds in much the same way they have since the family business started in the 1870s.

But if you want to be face-to-face with history, pick your way up the dusty wooden stairs to a room above the workshop. It’s an unsettling experience. Hanging all around you in the narrow attic are life and death masks of poets and artists, politicians and revolutionaries: Napoleon, Robespierre, Verlaine, Victor Hugo, the robust, impatient face of the living Beethoven and the sallow, diminished features of the composer’s death mask.

Yet, surprisingly, of all the visages of the great and the good on display at Lorenzi’s, the best-seller is the mask of a young woman. She has a pleasant, attractive face, with the hint of a smile playing on her lips. Her eyes are closed but they look as if they might spring open at any moment. Hers is the one mask that has no name. She’s known simply as the Inconnue, the unknown woman of the Seine.

See on www.bbc.co.uk

Injury Reporting Changes Take Effect in UK — Occupational Health & Safety

See on Scoop.itFirst Aid Training

Business owners in the United Kingdom can breathe easier—two regulations took effect on Oct. 1 that will help them comply with health and safety regulations, according to a news release from HSE.

The first change is an amendment to the Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations 1981. The change removes the requirement for HSE to approve first aid training and qualifications, giving business owners much more flexibility. The change is part of HSE’s attempt to “reduce the burden on businesses and put common sense back into health and safety,” according to the agency.

The second legislative change is to the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR) 1995. The new change clarifies and simplifies the reporting requirements while also ensuring that the data gives an accurate and useful picture of workplace incidents. Specifically, the changes include different classification of major injuries (a shorter list of specified injuries is used), eight categories for industrial disease instead of 47 types, and fewer types of occurrences that need to be reported.

For more information, visit http://www.hse.gov.uk/press/2013/hse-legislation-changes.htm.



See on ohsonline.com

My HeartMap Seattle Challenge enlists the public to locate city’s life-saving devices | UW Today

See on Scoop.itFirst Aid Training

Seattleites can join in a life-saving scavenger hunt. Players will compete to identify and report the locations of Seattle’s automatic external defibrillators, or AEDs, for a cash reward. Prizes range from $50 to $10,000.

AEDs are electronic briefcase-size devices designed to allow bystanders on scene at a medical emergency to help someone who has collapsed with loss of mechanical activity of the heart, or cardiac arrest.

“Our list of AED locations may be incomplete. We are seeking the public’s help to learn where more of these devices are,” said Dr. Graham Nichol, University of Washington professor of medicine in the Center for Pre-Hospital Emergency Care at UW Medicine’s Harborview Medical Center.

AEDs are cost-effective lifesavers that are often placed where cardiac arrests are most likely, such as airports, sports clubs and shopping malls, according to Nichol, who explained why it is important for a bystander to be able to locate an AED immediately.

“Cardiac arrests are a leading cause of death in the United States but can be treated if recognized and responded to quickly with an AED.”


Often cardiac arrest is due to ventricular fibrillation, in which the lower chambers of the heart quiver instead of contracting in a steady beat. AEDs simplify analysis of the heart rhythm. This enables lay people to recognize and treat ventricular fibrillation before emergency medical services providers arrive. Each device has voice and visual prompts that guide bystanders through the necessary steps.

More than 1.2 million AEDs are now in public places in the United States, and about 180,000 more are installed each year. Sometimes bystanders cannot find the nearest AED during a medical emergency. That’s where the My HeartMap Seattle challenge comes in. Game players will assist UW clinicians by reporting the location of AEDs in community settings throughout Seattle.

Here are the basic rules of the game.

  The contest starts Tuesday, Oct.15, and ends Friday, Nov. 15.  Complete your free registration to participate in the contest.  When you locate an AED in Seattle, report a brief description of it on the contest website, including the building address for the AED, its location within the building, and whether the device appears to be ready for use.  A $10,000 grand prize will be awarded to the individual or team that identifies the most unique AEDs. “Unique” means no other player or team has already found the AED. The grand prize will be “unlocked” when at least one individual or team identifies 500 AEDs or all contest participants collectively identify 750 AEDs.  Twenty $50 prizes are also available. Twenty AEDs in the city of Seattle have been pre-selected by the research team as “Golden AEDs.” These are unmarked, and those who are first to report a “Golden AED” will win $50.  You can follow MyHeartMap Seattle on twitter (@cprnation, #MyHeartMapSeattle) or at the CPR Nation website.

The AED scavenger hunt aims to build public awareness about AEDs, which are commonly contained in a clear glass wall box, sometimes near a fire extinguisher. The spot is generally marked with a symbol of an electrical charge passing through a heart shape.

The contest is modeled after a similar Philadelphia County project at the University of Pennsylvania, which in turn adapted an approach from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency for its Red Balloon Challenge. Dr. Raina Merchant, University of Pennsylvania assistant professor of emergency medicine, directed the My HeartMap Philadelphia Challenge. She is the director of the Penn Medicine Social Media Lab and an expert in the use of digital strategies to educate the public on at-the-scene emergency aid. Merchant is collaborating with UW scientists on the My HeartMap Seattle Challenge.

“This is an exciting collaboration that could have a real impact on access to emergency care in Seattle and other regions throughout the country,” noted Merchant.

During the MyHeartMap Philadelphia challenge, participants submitted data about AED locations via a website and a phone app. Some 313 individuals and teams reported more than 1,400 AEDs. Prizes were given for reporting the most AEDs found or for being the first to report the location of specific previously selected devices.

“Most people realize that AEDs are simple enough to use,” Nichol said. “Just follow the voice and visual prompts. They are designed to provide a shock only when needed.”

An AED is usually activated by opening its lid. The commands then begin with visual, recorded and text instructions for baring the patient’s chest and sticking on the pads. Then the machine asks everyone to step back while it analyzes the heart rhythm. It repeats the request to stand clear if it decides to administer a shock. If the rhythm suddenly normalizes before a shock is delivered, the machine will report a rhythm change and announce that no shock will occur.

Most machines also instruct in CPR and coach the timing of compressions and breaths.

“My HeartMap Seattle will help us improve care for patient with out of hospital cardiac arrest,” Nichol said. “The methods and results of this AED scavenger hunt in Seattle will be applied to scavenger hunts in other large cities throughout the United States. In the future, we will have a comprehensive record of AED locations throughout the country.”

My HeartMap Seattle is funded by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Zoll Medical Inc., Philips Healthcare Inc., Physio-Control Inc., HeartSine Technologies Inc. and Cardiac Science Inc.

The collaborating sponsors include the American Heart Association, Medic One Foundation, Nick of Time Foundation, University of Pennsylvania and University of Washington.

See on www.washington.edu